?ر?
??ҳ - ԭ?? - ԭ?????? ???Źؼ??ʣ????????? A?????? ????ʵʱ???? ??۹?Ʊ???? ???ջ??ʲ?ѯ ??Ԫ???? ???ӻ??? ??ũ????

新金宝娱乐-新万博体育网站

2019-06-03 09:19:54 ??Դ???ǻ??? ???ߣ??ƻ? ??ӡ ?ֺţ?С  ??

???????Ҷ???OPEC???????ͼۡ?ڸ???Ѿã?????????ҳ???͵Ĵ????????͸??ֿ???????Դ?ij??֣?OPEC??ͳ?????????ս?ʽ΢??????Ȩ???ǿ??⽻??ϵѧ??׫д???ģ??ع?????OPEC??????????Ե????ֳ?ͻ?Ͷ?????Ϊ??????һ??ʱ????ȫ??ԭ?͹?ϵ?????˻?????

??2019??5??19?գ?OPEC????????????ɳ?ؼ????ٿ?????Դ??OPEC??

OPEC????14?????ŷ?ǷǴ?½???͹?????ɵģ??????֯??????ȫ???40%??ʯ?????????????????ƿ???ʯ???г???????Ȩ??OPEC??һ????֯????ʽЭ????Ա???????????Ȳ???Ԥ?ͼ????ơ?

20????70?????OPEC?Ļƽ?ʱ????????Ҫ?????ھ??ø????????е??????????ʯ?͵???????????ʱ??????????????ͳ?ӽ??????¡????ص??????նԸ??ͼ۵??????????ڶ??????ǽ???????OPEC??ͳ?ε?λ???????Ÿ???????????ս???ڲ???Ա????????ֻ???????????Ϊ??Ҫ??ʯ?ͳ??ڹ???ȫ??????Դ?????̽??????????OPEC???ʯ?ͳ??ڹ?ɳ?صĽ??Ź?ϵҲ????????֯??δ????չ??

OPEC?ĵ???

OPEC??1960???????ʡ??????????????ء?ɳ?ذ???????ί????????????? ; ???????????Ա?????????????????????ΪӦ?Կ??ʯ?͹?˾?Գ??ڵ?????ʯ?ͼ۸?Ĵ?ѹ?Լ???????????20????50???ѹ?????ʯ?ͼ۸??ʵʩ???????ޣ?????????????Ѱ????ͳһս?ߡ?ʯ?????????֯?Ĵ?ʼ??Ա????????̸?????Ƹ?ȫ??ʯ?ͼ۸񣬶??һ?ͨ??????ʯ?͹?˾????Ȩ?Ĺ??л?????ǿ?Ա?????Դ?Ŀ??ơ??????ŷ??˹???????ӵ?б??????е?ʯ?ʹ?????

??Ա??ͨ????ŷ??˵?άҲ???ܲ?????????????????ٿ?????ͽ?????????Э???й?ʯ?ͼ۸??????ˮƽ??????????????ͨ????ÿ????Ա????ʯ?Ͳ????쵼??OPECͨ?????????鳤???????֯???ճ???????

?ƽ?ʱ??

OPEC??1973?괳????????̨?????ġ?????10?µ?һ?죬???????????Ƕ???ɫ?з?????һ??ͻȻϮ??????ɫ?нڽڰ??ˣ????????????ɫ?????ṩ??22????Ԫ?ľ???Ԯ???Ӷ?Ťתս?֡??ڰ?????ʯ?Ͳ????ǵĴ????£?OPEC??????????ɫ?е?һЩ?????˹?ʵʩ???ˣ?????ʼʵʩ?????ƻ???һʱ???г??ս????????߸е??ֻš?ʱ????????ͳ????¡?????ɣ?Richard Nixon????????ʵʩ?˼۸???ƣ???Ӿ????г??ĿֻŲ????¼???վ?????˳??ӣ????ǹ?????????????????æ??ʼ̸?н???ս????ʯ?????????֯?Ľ??ˡ?

??????????IJ?????ŷ??˻????????1972?굽1977?꣬???Ա????ʯ????????????????????????230????Ԫ???ӵ?1400????Ԫ?????ͬʱ???????????ͼ۹??????ǵ??¾???˥?ˡ???????????????ֵ??GDP????1973?굽1975???ڼ??½???6??????ʧ ҵ?ʷ???һ?????????⽻??ϵѧ?????Դ??ѯʦMyers Jaffe?;???ѧ??Edward Morse??д????????ŷ??˵Ľ??˵?ʱ????Ϊ?????????????ȡ?õĵ?һ???ش?ʤ????Ҳ?????????ҵ?????ͷ­????

20????70?????ʯ?????????֯OPEC?????????ʩ?Ӿ???ʹ??????????е?ϲ?Dzΰ룬???ܴ˺?ʮ???????????г?Ӱ??????????ǰ?????ڹ??ʵ?Ե????????ռ??һϯ֮?ء????ʴ?ѧ??Jeff D. Colgan ????˵????ŷ??˳?̬???????Ѿ???Ϊ????ʯ???г????񻰡?????ǿ???Ӱ????Ҳ??ζ?????Ա?????????ҵõ??˸????⽻???β????ϵĹ?ע????

 ?ڲ????Ѻ?

?ڼ??ų??ڵ??ںĺ͸?????Ա???ķ????У?OPEC??Ӱ?????𽥼???????Ա??Ҳ??Ϊ????Ȩ???????Ͷ?ս???Լ?Ŀ??۸?????????ò?????롣

??20????80?????OPEC??????ص?ͨ??????ν?ļ۸???ɺ?ӥ??֮??ķ??磬?۸?????ƶ??????ͼ۸??½??????۸?ӥ????ͨ???????˿??ڶ???Ԥ????ŵij?Ա????????ʷ?Ͽ?????????OPEC??֯?нϸ?ԣ?Ĺ??ң?ɳ?ذ????????????????????????????????????????أ??????ǶԵͼ۵????̶Ƚϸߣ???Ϊ???ͼ??????ڱ???????ʯ???г?????????λ????ӥ?ɳ?Ա????20????80????????ʣ?????ķ????????ͳ???µ??????˺??????ǡ?

????????????һЩ??ԣ??Ա????Ԥ?㲻?????ӣ???֯?ڲ??????ι?ϵ??һ?????ӻ???

ŷ??˳?Ա??֮???????ż????ת??Ϊ??ͻ?????磬???ʺ??????˷????˳???8?꣨1980-1988?꣩??ս??????????ʮ????????????Ȼ????ָ???䰢?????ڹ?ѹ???ͼ??԰????????ˣ????????˺????ʶ?û???뿪ŷ??ˡ?

????Դר??Daniel H. Yergin?ƣ?ŷ?????ʷ?????????ص?Σ????????1990???????????ֿ????ء????????顰 The Prize???У?Yerginд??????????????ʯ?ͣ???Ȩ?͹??????涼?ܵ?????в???????ս??????˽?400??Ͱʯ??ȱ?ڣ?ֱ?ӵ???ʯ?ͼ۸??ǡ???????Ա???????????˽??ܿ?????ɳ?ذ?????????ȡ?ж???????????????ս??ʱ?????????????????ž??????˵??γɣ?OPEC?󲿷ֳ?Ա?????˲??????ֲ??????غ???????????IJ?????ʧ??

??????ʿ??ʾ?????Ѹ?ٵķ?Ӧͻ????ŷ?????֯?ڲ???????һ?????ࣺ?ڳ?Ա???У?ɳ?ذ??????????Ը??ڳ?Ա????ƽ??????ɳ?ذ?????????ռ?ü???????ԭ?Ͳ?????????֮һ???ң???????????ʼ???????????̵??Ʋã???һ???ֿ??ܼ?????????ɳ?ذ????????ɱ????IJ????????˶?ʯ?????????֯?г???ɳ????????????Աʵ??Ӱ?????Լ?????ʵ???????ۣ????о??????ձ???Ϊ?????ŷ??˲????ڣ?ʯ?ͼ۸񽫻??½???

???????Ľ??Ź?ϵ

??1973????????OPEC???????Ĺ?ϵ?????Ǵ?һ???յ????????????????????ÿһλ??????ͳ????????Դ?????????ܾ???ѧ???????ڶ?????һĿ???????Ҳ??δֹͣ??֧???߱?ʾ?????ٶ?ʯ?????????֯ʯ?͵??????ɼ???ó??????ʹ???????????ͼ۲???ʱ???ߵ??ԡ?????˵??????????????????ע???????ж?ת?Ƴ?ȥ??

??????ˣ?ŷ?????Ȼ??????ڵ????塣ǰ??ͳ???׿?????ͼ??????ڶ?ŷ??˿ֻ????????????????˼???ȼ?????ġ?????????ͳ??????ȷ????ŷ?????¢????ҵ????Ҫ???併?ͼ۸?????????Ϊ???ͼ۸??½??Ƕ?????˾????һ?ּ?˰??ʩ?????⣬??????вҪ???????ŷ??˼????Ա??????¢?????ϡ?

OPEC?ɸ???ذ???֯??Ϊ???ξ??ֲ??????Ǿ??ú????磬???????????˵????ʯ?????????֯?Ŀֻ?????Ŀ?ĵģ?????????????ŷ??˵?Ӱ????????ʹ?????⽻?ٺ??????ƶ??߳?????ע????֯??

????????Դ????ս

???ͼ???һ??˫?н????ڶ????ڸ??????ŷ??˳?Ա???????ɹ۵????档Ȼ?????߼۸?Ҳ???Դ̼????ڹ??Ӵ?????ȼ????Դ????Ͷ?ʣ???Щ????Ŀ?????Ͷ?????????ݱ?Ľ????С?

????ŷ??????ٵ??????ս???Էdz???ԭ????Ʒ?????????ҳ?ҵ???Դ??ҳ???͵Ŀ??ɼ???????????졣2009?꣬??????ԭ?Ͳ????½?????ʮ???ҳ?Һ?ɰ???͵Ŀ???ȡ?õļ???????????????????????ʮ????????IJ???ˮƽ???????κ?ʱ?򶼸ߣ???2009?????????

Ϊ??Ӧ???????????ľ?????ʯ?????????֯??ʼ?????˹????????????Ҫ???ڹ??????ƶ?һ?????ϰ취?????а?????Э??????; ????µĹ????³?; ̽???µġ?ŷ???+????֯?Ŀ????ԡ????ֻ???ϵ??????ʯ?????????֯??ʷ????ƪ?£?????????ָ?????û?ж???˹??֧?֣?OPEC?ĸĸﲢ??????ô???ɡ????⣬??һ?ٶ??????????????????µĽ??ž??ƣ????????ڷ????Լ?????Ӧ?????Ի?ʢ?ٺ?Ī˹?ƵĶԿ???Ҫ??

??2017??ȫ??ԭ?ͼ??丽????Ʒ????????????Դ???⽻??ϵѧ?ᣩ

?ӳ?Զ???????Կ???????ԴΪ?????ĵ綯???????ֶ?ŷ??˲???????????в??Jaffe??Morseд??????ʯȼ?ϳɱ????Ӽ????????Կ???????Դ?IJ????̼??˸???ҵ??Ͷ?ʡ?????????仯?????Ϊδ??????Ľ??㣬ŷ??˿??ܻ??ܵ??ش???

??Ȼʯ?????????֯??Ϊ?????Դ??һ??DZ?ڵ???ս????????֮?У?????ҳ?Ҹ????ƺ??øü??Ÿе????⡣2015?꣬ŷ???ͨ???ƶ?ˮ??ѹ?Ѽ?????ʯ?ͼ۸??µ??????ڴ?ѹҳ???͵???????ʹ?佫???پ??гɱ????ơ????¼???ʹ?????????????ܹ??Խϵ͵ijɱ????????????????????????Ϊ??????????ʯ??????????

չ??δ??

????ҳ???͵ľ޴?????δ??ȫʹ?????????߰???ŷ???ʯ?ͼ۸񲨶???Ӱ?졣????????ˮƽ?ı仯??????˽Ӫ??Դ??˾???????ߵģ??????߶Ե????仯?о?Ҫ?ڼ????º?Ż???֡?????ζ?ŵ??г?????ͻȻ?????仯ʱ??ʯ?????????֯???????Կ??ܻ??ô????????棬?г?Ӱ??۸??????Ȼ??Ч??

??ԭ?Ͳ????ͼ۸?֮??Ĺ?ϵ????Դ???⽻??ϵѧ?ᣩ

Ŀǰ?в????ҳ???ȳ?????????ŷ??˵Ĺ?ϵ?????ʲôӰ?졣??ʯ?????????֯???ҽ???ʯ?͵??????̶Ƚϵͣ????ܻ????????????ƶ??߸??????ţ?ҲԤʾ????????ɳ?ذ????????ܻ???ֹ?ϵ???ѣ????ί?????????⽻???߸???ǿӲ????һ???棬???????????????Ѿ??ƳٶԻ?ʯȼ?ϵļ?ܲ??˳?????̼?ŷŵ?ȫ???ŵ??????ʯ????????????????????һЩ???ǣ????????????߿??ܻ???????仯?????ϸ??ӽ?ʯ?????????֯??

???ǵ?ɳ???쵼????????????????˳?2015?????ʺ˼ƻ?Э???Լ???????ʯ??ʵʩ?Ʋã?????һ???ش???ս???DZ??ֹ?Ӧ?ȶ???????????ʯ?ͳ???ή??ʱ???ֹ?Ӧ??ƽ?ȡ??Ʋð????????????????ڲ?Խ??Խ??Ĵ?ܸУ???????????ϣ??ɳ?ذ??????Ͱ??????????????????˹????ָ߶Ӧ???????????ڲ?Ӱ???ͼ۵???????Ʋõº?????ŷ?????2018??12????????????ʯ?Ͳ?????

???ͬʱ??ŷ????ڲ??ķ?????ܻ???????ڡ????磬??2019??1?£?????????ʽ?˳?ʯ?????????֯??OPEC?????????䲻?޳?ɳ?ذ??????Ը???֯??֧???λ?Լ?ɳ???????ĶԸù??ķ???????????ŵü??????и??????ŵ??⽻???ߣ???ôOPECҪ????????????????һ????ս???µĺ?????????˹ΪOPEC?ṩ???µĿ????ԣ???ҳ???Ͳ????????ӣ???????Դ???????Լ?Ӧ??????仯??ȫ??Ŭ??????????Ԥʾ?ų??ڵIJ?ȷ???ԡ?

??㿪?? ģ?⿪?? ???????? ģ?????
????????

?ؼ??ʣ? ??Ԫ ʯ?? GDP ??????


??ע?ǻ?΢?Ź???ƽ̨
???????飬???ڡ??ơ??գ?
?ǻ??Ƕ?ҹ??ʽ??ڻ????ķ????̣?ͬʱҲΪͶ?????ṩ?????????Ϣ????????㡢˽ļ???𡢸۹ɡ????ɡ?ָ?????ƽ?ԭ?͡?Ͷ?????񡢺??ⷿ???ȣ??????г????飬ɸѡ??????Ѷ??????Ͷ?ʲ??ԡ?


?????ǻ???APP

??Ʒ????

????թ??ʾ X

1???κγ?ŵ???桢?????ơ??????̡??ʲ????????Լ???Ҫ???ṩ?Լ??˺????????Ϊ????????һ???ķ??գ???????Դ???

2???ǻ????????????˾??û?з?֧??????û??????ҵ??û?д???ҵ?񣬽??????ǻ??????թƭ??